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The Negative Cauldron. with Severus Snape Professor of Potions. When carrying out our very important work in protecting against the dark arts, the temperature of the cauldron is essential!. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

The Negative Cauldron

The Negative Cauldronwith Severus SnapeProfessor of Potions

When carrying out our very important work in protecting against the dark arts, the temperature of the cauldron is essential!For this reason, when preparing the cauldron for a spell, we will use traditional fire cubes and ice cubes.Even Potter would know that when adding a single ice cube to a cauldron, it will lower the temperature of the cauldron by one degree...And of course, when adding a fire cube...

...the temperature will increase by one degree

1

Mathematically speaking if you must an ice cube is worth negative one1+1And of course a fire cube is worth positive one

Imagine, if you will, that our cauldron begins at the temperature of ten degrees.

20

10

010

What will happen if I add 4 fire cubes?

20

10

0

1010 + 4 = 14

What will happen if I now subtract 6 fire cubes?

20

10

010 + 4 = 141414 6 =8

Okay... Something harder.Ive changed the thermometer.

10

0

108 10 =2What will happen if I now subtract 10 fire cubes?When you subtract a larger positive number from a smaller one, you get a negative number

Try a few of your own...

Go on!

Write this as a number sentence first:What happens if I start at 5 degrees and then subtract 6 fire cubes?

5 7 =

4 9 =

1 2 =

0 3 =

What about if the temperature starts negative?

5 3 =

Too easy I think.Lets try something harder.

10

0

102 + 4 =2What will happen if I take a cauldron at 2 degrees and I add 4 ice cubes?Think carefully!When you add a negative, then the total goes down.

Its a bit like subtracting

10

0

108 + 5 =3Lets try another just to check. What happens if I start at 8 degrees and I add 5 ice cubes?When you add a negative, then the total goes down.

Its a bit like subtractingLets write the calculation first

10

0

102 + 3 =5But what if its already negative? What happens if I start at 2 degrees and add 3 ice cubes?When you add a negative, then the total goes down.

Its a bit like subtractingLets write the calculation first

Try a few of your own...

Go on!

Write this as a number sentence first:What happens if I start at 3 degrees and then add 5 ice cubes?

4 + 9 =

1 + 2 =

0 + 3 =

Write this as a number sentence first:What happens if I start at 12 degrees and then I add 3 ice cubes?

5 + 7 =

5 + 7 =

Okay... Lets see if youre really up to it!What happens if I start taking ice cubes out?

10

0

102 4 =6What will happen if I take a cauldron at 2 degrees and I subtract 4 ice cubes?Think carefully!When you subtract a negative, the total goes up.

Its a bit like adding

10

0

102 6 =4But what if it starts off negative? What happens if I start at 2 degrees and subtract 6 ice cubes?When you subtract a negative, the total goes up.

Its a bit like adding.Lets write the calculation first

10

0

105 3 =2Lets try one more together. The cauldron is at 5 degrees. I subtract 3 ice cubes?When you subtract a negative, the total goes up.

Its a bit like adding.Lets write the calculation first

Try a few of your own...

Go on!

Write this as a number sentence first:My cauldron is at 3 degrees and I subtract 5 ice cubes. What is the new temperature?

14 + 9 =

4 7 =

8 3 =

12 5 ?

5 5 =

5 7 =

If you think youre a master, try the exercises of page 45 of MEP 7B